The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has known for increasing the acreage and productivity of pulses for reaching self-sufficiency and urged agricultural universities to step up research on enhancing their yields. Speaking on the Inaugural session of All India Coordinated Research Group’s Annual Group Meet on MULLaRP & Arid Legumes workshop at Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, Vice President said there was a need to introduce high-yielding, disease, and pest-resilient seed varieties. There turned into additionally a need to enhance crop manufacturing techniques and bring extra fallow lands beneath pulses production, he brought.
Pointing out that pulses had been a less expensive supply of plant-based proteins, vitamins, and minerals for human beings, Shri Naidu said they provide inexperienced, nutritious fodder for animals and improve soil through organic nitrogen fixation. “Some legumes are recognized to have medicinal and therapeutic homes also. Hence, they had been rightly termed as ‘Unique Jewels’ of Indian crop husbandry”, he delivered.
Observing that legumes were a crucial element in Indian cropping sample, mainly in dryland farming, Shri Naidu said India was the world’s largest producer, accounting for 34% of the region and 24% of manufacturing, accompanied with the aid of Myanmar, Canada, China, Nigeria, Brazil, and Australia.
Referring to his latest visit to Vietnam, the Vice President referred to approximately crop production differentials among India and Vietnam. He stated that Vietnam produces five heaps of rice per hectare and 1.5-tonne soya bean in step with hectare, at the same time as India becomes producing handiest three lots of rice in step with hectare and handiest one ton of soya bean.
While the average productiveness of pulses has multiplied to 841 kg/ ha, it’s far well below the worldwide common, and in some States, the yield is much higher than others, the Vice President stated. There became a need to analyze from the best practices from around the arena and within the use of a to improve crop productivity, he introduced.
Shri Naidu said that the Universities, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), and the authorities need to come collectively with long-term strategies for generating new excessive yielding varieties, which might be resilient to sicknesses and weather trade. There turned into also a want to create fee addition and right advertising and marketing facilities for pulses.
Saying that whether trade changed into adversely impacting the marginalized people in dryland areas because of the shifts in moisture and temperature regimes, the Vice President referred to as for a new paradigm in agricultural research that makes full use of technological know-how and era along with traditional know-how to address the challenges of weather change and gain food and dietary protection changed into vital. Shri Naidu said that the water shortage became becoming a critical problem and that it was getting compounded because of populace growth and climate trade. He is known for growing vegetation that uses less water.
Observing that there has been a pressing want for new knowledge, opportunity policies, and institutional adjustments to enhance productivity from crops, the Vice President counseled agricultural universities, research institutions, and Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) to play a large position in improving a lot of the farmers and empowering them.
“Agricultural Universities need to attend extra on improving the yields of pulses, whilst KVKs must act as a bridge among scientists, governments, and the farmers,” Shri Naidu said. The KVK needs to act as the pal and guide of the farmer he delivered. Underscoring the vital role of pulses in promoting a healthful diet, Shri Naidu suggested that human beings, in particular, the kids towards consuming junk meals in the wake of the growing occurrence of non-communicable sicknesses.